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When the Man is the Infertility Cause
A male infertility cause is often overlooked because couples presume fertility issues must be due to the woman, but a male factor infertility cause is present in about 10,000,000 men in the U.S. Alone. About 35 p.c of all cases of barrenness arise solely from the man’s infertility and about twenty percent of the time, the woman and man both have fertility problems. That implies more than half of all cases of infertility involve a male element. Understanding the science behind a male factor infertility cause can help a couple seek out suitable treatment.
For couples with male factor sterility, possibilities are the man has an infertility cause mentioned below:1. Low sperm count – the commonest male infertility cause is a low sperm density. A standard fruitful male has about 20,000,000 sperm in each milliliter of semen. Most tests will identify a low sperm count as less than 10,000,000 per milliliter. If you get tested, ask about the number rather than for an easy “normal or abnormal” answer, as a borderline result could be a contributing infertility cause worth addressing regardless of if you don’t meet the official criterion for having a clinical low sperm density.2. Poor Sperm motility – A sperm’s motility is the speed and trajectory with which it moves toward an egg. Poor motility can be an infertility cause even if sperm density is normal. Sometimes motility is adversely affected by poorly formed sperm. The percentage of the dimensions of the head of a sperm to its tail has effects on its swimming ability, as does the form of the head itself. Both motility and quality (shape) can be evaluated in a sperm sample. It’s often best to get 2 separate sperm tests to approve results, in case external circumstances caused one sample to appear unusual even if there aren’t any underlying issues.3. Structural Abnormality – If a man’s reproductive organs experience scarring or are poorly formed, leading to an obstruction of the vas deferens or the epididymis, then the capability of sperm to travel from the testicles to the uterus could be blocked, which is one more possible infertility cause.
The following are specific conditions that may affect sperm density or quality or the structural integrity of a male’s reproductive organs:1. Varicocele – When veins in the scrotum are distended or enlarged (think about the more well-known varicose veins in older women’s legs), it can be an infertility cause. It would appear the varicocele condition is affecting the sperm in a number of ways including sperm count, sperm motility and sperm quality.2. Under-developed testes – this condition is typically a result of a mumps infection, a hernia surgery, an injury or a birth problem. If some cases the testicles are undescended — that is . They remain inside the body cavity instead of moving down into the scrotum.3. Sexually communicated diseases (STDs) – STDs and some other diseases (mumps and tuberculosis most frequently) may cause scarring within the male reproductive organs. There are a number of STDs that can go unnoticed in men till they’re revealed as an infertility cause.4. Age – Many are amazed to find out that age has an impact on a man’s fertility. While the task of age in a woman’s reproductive process is more aggressive and has been studied a great deal, age of the person shouldn’t be rejected as an infertility cause, as men also show a gentle decline in fertility after the age of approximately 40.5. Cancer – Males that undergo treatment for cancer regularly have sperm production temporarily or permanently affected as a result of chemotherapy or radiation.6. Vasectomy reversals – After a vasectomy, men develop an autoimmune reply. Sperm really are produced after a vasectomy, but may leak out into the body where immune cells target them as attackers. When a vasectomy is reversed thru surgery, this autoimmunity may continue and be an infertility cause.7. XX Male Syndrome – A man’s chromosomes typically include one X and one Y chromosome. Because of an a rare sex chromosomal disorder, some men are born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome, a condition known as XX male syndrome. XX male syndrome happens in roughly one in twenty thousand to one in 25,000 people. People with the disorder generally have normal male physical features including ordinary male body, genitals, and testicles. However , all males with XX male syndrome are sterile because they lack the genes on the Y chromosome concerned in making sperm. Because most males XX male syndrome look like and identify as males, many don’t know they have XX male syndrome till they try to have their own children and are unable to do so. It is then the syndrome is revealed as an infertility cause.
About the Author
Anna Short has developed expertise on infertility thru a combination of private experience and exhaustive research. For more information on reasons for infertility, visit http://www.infertility-options-info.com. Be sure to check out her free minicourse covering various aspects of infertility.
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